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Two Row Wampum – Gusweñta

Title

Two Row Wampum – Gusweñta

Subject

Canada
history
Indigenous peoples
treaty
Two Row Wampum

Description

The following description is adapted from Onondaga Nation, People of the Hills, "Two Row Wampum – Gusweñta", online: http://www.onondaganation.org/culture/wampum/two-row-wampum-belt-guswenta/
Two rows of blue, each symbolizing a different nation. Separated and surrounded by three rows of white; one for peace, another for friendship and the last for forever. This is what was built into the Two Row Wampum, an agreement made between the Haudenosaunee and the Dutch upon European arrival in North America. The Wampum ensured that Europeans and First Nations, while living side by side on the same land, would refrain from interfering in each other’s nations.

Creator

Haudenosaunee Nation and Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (the Dutch Republic)

Source

Onondaga Nation, People of the Hills, "Two Row Wampum – Gusweñta", online: http://www.onondaganation.org/culture/wampum/two-row-wampum-belt-guswenta/ 

Publisher

Onondaga Nation, People of the Hills, online: http://www.onondaganation.org/

Date

1613

Rights

Image (c) Onondaga Nation

Relation

nondaga Nation, People of the Hills, "Two Row Wampum – Gusweñta", online: http://www.onondaganation.org/culture/wampum/two-row-wampum-belt-guswenta/ 

Format

image file/jpeg

Language

Symbolic

Type

Wampum belt

Original Format

Wampum

Files

Two Row Wampum.jpg

Citation

Haudenosaunee Nation and Republic of the Seven United Netherlands (the Dutch Republic), “Two Row Wampum – Gusweñta,” Exhibits, accessed March 1, 2024, https://exhibits.library.utoronto.ca/items/show/2478.