Archibald Byron Macallum, 1858-1934
A student of Ramsey Wright, Macallum became the first chair of physiology in 1890. A researcher of note, he worked towards having a medical curriculum based on biological sciences. His studies of kidneys were said to show that animals had their evolutionary origins in the ocean. In 1917 he left the University of Toronto to organize the new National Research Council of Canada, designed to promote science research in Canada.