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Housing & Gentrification


Regent Park-Specific Articles 

August, M. (2008). Social Mix and Canadian Public Housing Redevelopment: Experiences in Toronto. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 17(1), 82-100.

August, M. (2014). Challenging the Rhetoric of Stigmatization: The Benefits of Concentrated Poverty in Toronto’s Regent Park. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 46(6), 1317-1333.

August, M. (2016a). “It’s all about power and you have none:” The marginalization of tenant resistance to mixed-income social housing redevelopment in Toronto, Canada. Cities, 57, 25-32.

August, M. (2016b). Revitalisation gone wrong: Mixed-income public housing redevelopment in Toronto’s Don Mount Court. Urban Studies, 53(16), 3405-3422.

Brail, S., and Kumar, N. (2017). Community leadership and engagement after the mix: The transformation of Toronto’s Regent Park. Urban Studies, 54(16), 3772-3788.

Brail, S., Mizrokhi, E., and Ralston, S. (2017). Examining the Transformation of Regent Park, Toronto: Prioritizing Hard and Soft Infrastructure. In N. Wise and J. Clark, Urban Transformations: Geographies of Renewal and Creative Change (177-194). London: Routledge. 

Brushett, K. (1999). “People and Government Travelling Together”: Community Organization, Urban Planning and the Politics of Post-War Reconstruction in Toronto 1943-1953. Urban History Review, 27(2), 44-58. 

Brushett, K. (2007). “Where will the people go”: Toronto’s Emergency Housing Program and the Limits of Canadian Social Housing Policy, 1944-1057. Journal of Urban History, 33(3), 375-399. 

Bucerius, S.M., Thompson, S.K. and Berardi, L. (2017). “They’re Colonizing My Neighbourhood”: (Perceptions of) Social Mix in Canada. City & Community, 16(4), 486-505.

Dunn, J.R. (2012). “Socially Mixed” Public Housing Redevelopment as a Destigmatization Strategy in Toronto’s Regent Park: A Theoretical Approach and a Research Agenda. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 9(1), 87-105.

Gianni, B. (2007). Phantom Housing: The Rise and Fall of Public Housing in North America. ARCC Journal, 4(2), 51-58. 

Hyde, Z. (2018). Giving back to get ahead: Altruism as a developer strategy of accumulation through affordable housing policy in Toronto and Vancouver. Geoforum

James, R.K. (2010). From ‘slum clearance’ to ‘revitalisation’: Planning, expertise and moral regulation in Toronto’s Regent Park. Planning Perspectives, 25(1), 69-86. 

James, R.K. (2015). Urban Redevelopment and Displacement from Regent Park to El Cartucho. Canadian Theatre Review, 161, 17-21. 

Jamil, U. (2015). Making Place: Muslims in the Neighbourhood. Contemporary Islam, 9(3), 321-335.

Kelly, S. (2013). The New Normal: The Figure of the Condo Owner in Toronto’s Regent Park. City & Community, 25(2), 173-194.

Kipfer, S. and Petrunia, J. (2009). “Recolonization” and Public Housing: A Toronto Case Study. Studies in Political Economy, 83, 111-139. 

Komakech, M.D.C. and Jackson, S.F. (2016). A Study of the Role of Small Ethnic Retail Grocery Stores in Urban Renewal in a Social Housing Project, Toronto, Canada. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 93(3), 414-424. 

Kumove, L. (2003). Rethinking public housing. Community Action, 18(6), 1. 

Laughlin, D.L., and Johnson, L.C. (2011). Defining and exploring public space: perspectives of young people from Regent Park, Toronto. Children’s Geographies, 9(3-4), 439-456.

McLean, H.E. (2014). Cracks in the Creative City: The Contradictions of Community Arts Practice. International Journal of Urban Research, 38(6), 2156-2173. 

Mele, C. (2019). The strategic uses of race to legitimize ‘social mix’ urban redevelopment. Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 25(1), 27-40.

Purdy, S. (2003a). “It Was Tough on Everybody”: Low-Income Families and Housing Hardship in Post World War II Toronto. Journal of Social History, 37(2), 457-482. 

Purdy, S. (2003b). “Ripped off” by the System: Housing Policy, Poverty, and Territorial Stigmatization in Regent Park Housing Project, 1951-1991. Labour, 52, 45-108. 

Purdy, S. (2004). By the People, for the People: Tenant Organizing in Toronto’s Regent Park Housing Project in the 1960s and 1970s. Journal of Urban History, 30(4), 519-548. 

Purdy, S. (2005). Framing Regent Park: the National Film Board of Canada and the construction of ‘outcast spaces’ in the inner city, 1953 and 1994. Media, Culture & Society, 27(4), 523-549.

Rahder, B. and Milgrom, R. (2004). The Uncertain City: Making Space(s) for Difference. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13(1), 27-45. 

Rosa, V. (2018). Social Citizenship and Urban Revitalization in Canada. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 27(2), 25-36. 

Rosa, V. (2019). Interrogating Multiculturalism and Urban Revitalization: “The Diversity of Diversity” in Toronto’s Regent Park. Journal of Critical Race Inquiry, 6(1), 32-61. 

Rowe, D.J. & Dunn, J. (2015). Tenure-Mix in Toronto: Resident Attitudes and Experience in the Regent Park Community. Housing Studies, 30(8), 1257-1280.

Thompson, S.K., Bucerius, S.M., and Luguya, M. (2013). Unintended Consequences of Neighbourhood Restructuring: Uncertainty, Disrupted Social Networks and Increased Fear of Violent Victimization among Young Adults. The British Journal of Criminology, 53(5), 924-941. 

Urbanik, M. (2018). Drawing Boundaries or Drawing Weapons? Neighborhood Master Status as Suppressor of Gang Violence. Qualitative Sociology, 41, 497-519. 

Urbanik, M., Thompson, S.K., Bucerius, S.M. (2017). ‘Before There Was Danger But There Was Rules. And Safety in Those Rules’: Effects of Neighbourhood Redevelopment on Criminal Structures. British Journal of Criminology, 57(2), 422-440. 

Housing, Gentrification & New Urbanism 

Bohl, C.C. (2010). New urbanism and the city: Potential applications and implications for distressed inner-city neighbourhoods. Housing Policy Debate, 11(4), 761-801.

Butler, T., and Hamnett, C. (2012). Chapter 8: Social Geographic Interpretations of Housing Spaces. In Clapham, D.F., Clark, W.A.V., and Gibb, K. (Eds.), The Sage Handbook of Housing Studies (147-162). Sage Publications Ltd.

Grant, J.L. and Perrott, K. (2009). Producing diversity in a new urbanism community. Policy and Practice, 80(3), 267-289. 

Larsen, K. (2005). New Urbanism’s Role in Inner-city Neighbourhood Revitalization. Housing Studies, 20(5), 795-813.

Purdy, S. and Kwak, N.H. (2007). Introduction: New Perspectives on Public Housing Histories in the Americas. Journal of Urban History, 33(3), 357-374. 

Vakili-Zad, C. (2002). Public Housing: A Summary of Major DIfferences Between the United States and Canada. Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law, 11(2), 111-115. 

Social Mixing & Revitalization 

Butcher, M., and Dickens, L. (2016). Spatial Dislocation and Affective Displacement: Youth   Perspectives on Gentrification in London. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 40(4), 800-816.

Epstein, G. (2017). A kinder, gentler gentrification: a racial identity, social mix and multiculturalism in Toronto’s Parkdale neighbourhood. Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 24(6), 707-726.

Jackson, E., and Butler, T. (2014). Revisiting ‘social tectonics’: The middle classes and social mix in gentrifying neighbourhoods. Urban Studies, 52(13), 2349-2365.

Lees, L. (2008). Gentrification and Social Mixing: Towards an Inclusive Urban Renaissance? Urban Studies, 45(12), 2449-2470. 

Roberts, D. and Catungal, J.P. (2017). Neoliberalizing Social Justice in Infrastructure Revitalization Planning: Analyzing Toronto’s More Moss Park Project in Its Early Stages. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 108(2), 454-462.

Rose, D. (2004). Discourses and Experiences of Social Mix in Gentrifying Neighbourhoods: A Montréal Case Study. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13(2), 278-316.

Rose, D., Germain, A., Bacqué, G., Bridge, G., Fijalkow, Y., and Slater, T. (2012). ‘Social Mix’  and Neighbourhood Revitalization in a Transatlantic Perspective: Comparing Local Policy Discourses and Expectations in Paris (France, Bristol (UK), and Montréal (Canada). International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(2), 430-450.

Shaw, K.S., and Hagemans, I.W. (2015). ‘Gentrification Without Displacement’ and the   Consequent Loss of Place: The Effects of Class Transition on Low-Income Residents of    Secure Housing in Gentrifying Areas. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 39(2), 323-341.

Walks, A.R., and Maaranen, R. (2008). Gentrification, Social Mix, and Social Polarization: Testing the Linkages in Large Canadian Cities. Urban Geography, 29(4), 293-326.


Cahuas, M.C. (2011). Investigating the effects of “neighbourhood revitalization” on residents’ destigmatization practices, health and wellbeing in Toronto’s Regent Park Community (Master’s Thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada). Retrieved from

De Schutter, J. (2009). Community Consultation and Environmental Justice in the Regent Park Revitalization (Master’s Thesis, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Canada). Retrieved from


Browne, C. & Zapparoli, J. (2019). Farewell Regent. Toronto, ON: Syncopated Productions.

Mossanen, M. & Ho, T. M. (2018). My Piece of the City. Toronto, ON: 100 Dragons Media.  

Weyman, B., Allder, M., Close Up Film Productions., National Film Board of Canada., & CBC Newsworld. (2010). Return to Regent Park. Toronto, ON: Close Up Films.

Davis, H., Lentin, M., Kelly, S., TVOntario., Industry Pictures., Shine Films., & National Film Board of Canada. (2010). Invisible city. Toronto, ON: National Film Board of Canada/Office national du film du Canada.

Burwash, G. & McLean, G. (1953). Farewell Oak Street. Canada: National  Film Board of Canada.


Each source in the news media section was found and gathered through the University of Toronto online library system. Each source has been cross-checked to find publicly accessible links (i.e. the online version of the article on the publisher's website). In some cases, links to the articles were not found available online. Links beginning with "" are not available publicly, but should be available to any students of faculty through their institution's library system. 

Armstrong, J. (2014, October 6). Single mom refuses to leave Regent Park building slated for demolition. Global News. Retrieved from 

Wagler, J. (2008, January 2). Housing project debris recycled; Regent Park. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Worthington, P. (2012, March 29). Canada’s Largest Social Housing Project Favours the Rich? Inc. Retrieved from

Yu, S. (2017, March 24). Bully bids for regent park suite help set new price record. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Yu, S. (2019, October 3). One-bedroom condo in Regent Park gets 11 bids. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Yu, S. (2019, July 31). Regent Park sees its first $1-million sale. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

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