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Social Mixing & Redevelopment


Regent Park-Specific Articles 

August, M. (2008). Social Mix and Canadian Public Housing Redevelopment: Experiences in Toronto. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 17(1), 82-100.

August, M. (2014). Challenging the Rhetoric of Stigmatization: The Benefits of Concentrated Poverty in Toronto’s Regent Park. Environment and Planning A: Economy and Space, 46(6), 1317-1333.

August, M. (2016a). “It’s all about power and you have none:” The marginalization of tenant resistance to mixed-income social housing redevelopment in Toronto, Canada. Cities, 57, 25-32.

August, M. (2016b). Revitalisation gone wrong: Mixed-income public housing redevelopment in Toronto’s Don Mount Court. Urban Studies, 53(16), 3405-3422.

Bradford, N. (2007). Placing Social Policy? Reflections on Canada’s New Deal for Cities and Communities. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 16(2), 1-26. 

Brail, S., and Kumar, N. (2017). Community leadership and engagement after the mix: The transformation of Toronto’s Regent Park. Urban Studies, 54(16), 3772-3788.

Brail, S., Mizrokhi, E., and Ralston, S. (2017). Examining the Transformation of Regent Park, Toronto: Prioritizing Hard and Soft Infrastructure. In N. Wise and J. Clark, Urban Transformations: Geographies of Renewal and Creative Change (177-194). London: Routledge. 

Bucerius, S.M., Thompson, S.K. and Berardi, L. (2017). “They’re Colonizing My Neighbourhood”: (Perceptions of) Social Mix in Canada. City & Community, 16(4), 486-505.

Dunn, J.R. (2012). “Socially Mixed” Public Housing Redevelopment as a Destigmatization Strategy in Toronto’s Regent Park: A Theoretical Approach and a Research Agenda. Du Bois Review: Social Science Research on Race, 9(1), 87-105.

Gianni, B. (2007). Phantom Housing: The Rise and Fall of Public Housing in North America. ARCC Journal, 4(2), 51-58. 

Greenberg, K. (2004). Toward the green city through revitalizing major obsolescent urban lands. Ekistics, 71(424/425/426), 30-34. 

Hyde, Z. (2018). Giving back to get ahead: Altruism as a developer strategy of accumulation through affordable housing policy in Toronto and Vancouver. Geoforum

James, R.K. (2010). From ‘slum clearance’ to ‘revitalisation’: Planning, expertise and moral regulation in Toronto’s Regent Park. Planning Perspectives, 25(1), 69-86. 

James, R.K. (2015). Urban Redevelopment and Displacement from Regent Park to El Cartucho. Canadian Theatre Review, 161, 17-21. 

Jamil, U. (2015). Making Place: Muslims in the Neighbourhood. Contemporary Islam, 9(3), 321-335.

Kelly, S. (2013). The New Normal: The Figure of the Condo Owner in Toronto’s Regent Park. City & Community, 25(2), 173-194.

Kipfer, S. and Petrunia, J. (2009). “Recolonization” and Public Housing: A Toronto Case Study. Studies in Political Economy, 83, 111-139. 

Komakech, M.D.C. and Jackson, S.F. (2016). A Study of the Role of Small Ethnic Retail Grocery Stores in Urban Renewal in a Social Housing Project, Toronto, Canada. Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, 93(3), 414-424. 

Kumove, L. (2003). Rethinking public housing. Community Action, 18(6), 1. 

Laughlin, D.L., and Johnson, L.C. (2011). Defining and exploring public space: perspectives of young people from Regent Park, Toronto. Children’s Geographies, 9(3-4), 439-456.

McLean, H.E. (2014). Cracks in the Creative City: The Contradictions of Community Arts Practice. International Journal of Urban Research, 38(6), 2156-2173. 

Mele, C. (2019). The strategic uses of race to legitimize ‘social mix’ urban redevelopment. Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 25(1), 27-40.

Purdy, S. (2003b). “Ripped off” by the System: Housing Policy, Poverty, and Territorial Stigmatization in Regent Park Housing Project, 1951-1991. Labour, 52, 45-108. 

Purdy, S. (2004). By the People, for the People: Tenant Organizing in Toronto’s Regent Park Housing Project in the 1960s and 1970s. Journal of Urban History, 30(4), 519-548. 

Purdy, S. (2005). Framing Regent Park: the National Film Board of Canada and the construction of ‘outcast spaces’ in the inner city, 1953 and 1994. Media, Culture & Society, 27(4), 523-549.

Rahder, B. and Milgrom, R. (2004). The Uncertain City: Making Space(s) for Difference. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13(1), 27-45. 

Rosa, V. (2018). Social Citizenship and Urban Revitalization in Canada. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 27(2), 25-36. 

Rosa, V. (2019). Interrogating Multiculturalism and Urban Revitalization: “The Diversity of Diversity” in Toronto’s Regent Park. Journal of Critical Race Inquiry, 6(1), 32-61. 

Rowe, D.J. & Dunn, J. (2015). Tenure-Mix in Toronto: Resident Attitudes and Experience in the Regent Park Community. Housing Studies, 30(8), 1257-1280.

Thompson, S.K., Bucerius, S.M., and Luguya, M. (2013). Unintended Consequences of Neighbourhood Restructuring: Uncertainty, Disrupted Social Networks and Increased Fear of Violent Victimization among Young Adults. The British Journal of Criminology, 53(5), 924-941. 

Urbanik, M., Thompson, S.K., Bucerius, S.M. (2017). ‘Before There Was Danger But There Was Rules. And Safety in Those Rules’: Effects of Neighbourhood Redevelopment on Criminal Structures. British Journal of Criminology, 57(2), 422-440. 

Housing, Gentrification & New Urbanism 

Bohl, C.C. (2010). New urbanism and the city: Potential applications and implications for distressed inner-city neighbourhoods. Housing Policy Debate, 11(4), 761-801.

Grant, J.L. and Perrott, K. (2009). Producing diversity in a new urbanism community. Policy and Practice, 80(3), 267-289. 

Larsen, K. (2005). New Urbanism’s Role in Inner-city Neighbourhood Revitalization. Housing Studies, 20(5), 795-813.

Purdy, S. and Kwak, N.H. (2007). Introduction: New Perspectives on Public Housing Histories in the Americas. Journal of Urban History, 33(3), 357-374. 

Trudeau, D. (2013). New Urbanism as Sustainable Development?. Geography Compass, 7(6), 435-448. Doi: 10.1111/gec3.12042

Vakili-Zad, C. (2002). Public Housing: A Summary of Major DIfferences Between the United States and Canada. Journal of Affordable Housing & Community Development Law, 11(2), 111-115. 

Social Mixing & Revitalization 

Bailey, N., Besemer, K., Bramley, G., Livingston, M. (2015). How Neighbourhood Social Mix Shapes Access to Resources from Social Networks and from Services. Housing Studies, 30(2), 295-314.

Butcher, M., and Dickens, L. (2016). Spatial Dislocation and Affective Displacement: Youth   Perspectives on Gentrification in London. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 40(4), 800-816.

Epstein, G. (2017). A kinder, gentler gentrification: a racial identity, social mix and multiculturalism in Toronto’s Parkdale neighbourhood. Journal for the Study of Race, Nation and Culture, 24(6), 707-726.

Jackson, E., and Butler, T. (2014). Revisiting ‘social tectonics’: The middle classes and social mix in gentrifying neighbourhoods. Urban Studies, 52(13), 2349-2365.

Lees, L. (2008). Gentrification and Social Mixing: Towards an Inclusive Urban Renaissance? Urban Studies, 45(12), 2449-2470. 

Roberts, D. and Catungal, J.P. (2017). Neoliberalizing Social Justice in Infrastructure Revitalization Planning: Analyzing Toronto’s More Moss Park Project in Its Early Stages. Annals of the American Association of Geographers, 108(2), 454-462.

Rose, D. (2004). Discourses and Experiences of Social Mix in Gentrifying Neighbourhoods: A Montréal Case Study. Canadian Journal of Urban Research, 13(2), 278-316.

Rose, D., Germain, A., Bacqué, G., Bridge, G., Fijalkow, Y., and Slater, T. (2012). ‘Social Mix’  and Neighbourhood Revitalization in a Transatlantic Perspective: Comparing Local Policy Discourses and Expectations in Paris (France, Bristol (UK), and Montréal (Canada). International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 37(2), 430-450.

Shaw, K.S., and Hagemans, I.W. (2015). ‘Gentrification Without Displacement’ and the   Consequent Loss of Place: The Effects of Class Transition on Low-Income Residents of    Secure Housing in Gentrifying Areas. International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, 39(2), 323-341.

Walks, A.R., and Maaranen, R. (2008). Gentrification, Social Mix, and Social Polarization: Testing the Linkages in Large Canadian Cities. Urban Geography, 29(4), 293-326.


Cahuas, M.C. (2011). Investigating the effects of “neighbourhood revitalization” on residents’ destigmatization practices, health and wellbeing in Toronto’s Regent Park Community (Master’s Thesis, McMaster University, Hamilton, Canada). Retrieved from

De Schutter, J. (2009). Community Consultation and Environmental Justice in the Regent Park Revitalization (Master’s Thesis, Wilfrid Laurier University, Waterloo, Canada). Retrieved from

Greaves, A. (2011). Urban Regeneration in Toronto: Rebuilding the Social in Regent Park (Master’s Thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Canada). Retrieved from;jsessionid=3E9829B22823104FF824683E663F0EC5?sequence=1


Browne, C. & Zapparoli, J. (2019). Farewell Regent. Toronto, ON: Syncopated Productions.

Mossanen, M. & Ho, T. M. (2018). My Piece of the City. Toronto, ON: 100 Dragons Media.  

Weyman, B., Allder, M., Close Up Film Productions., National Film Board of Canada., & CBC Newsworld. (2010). Return to Regent Park. Toronto, ON: Close Up Films.

Davis, H., Lentin, M., Kelly, S., TVOntario., Industry Pictures., Shine Films., & National Film Board of Canada. (2010). Invisible city. Toronto, ON: National Film Board of Canada/Office national du film du Canada.

Burwash, G. & McLean, G. (1953). Farewell Oak Street. Canada: National  Film Board of Canada.


Each source in the news media section was found and gathered through the University of Toronto online library system. Each source has been cross-checked to find publicly accessible links (i.e. the online version of the article on the publisher's website). In some cases, links to the articles were not found available online. Links beginning with "" are not available publicly, but should be available to any students of faculty through their institution's library system. 

Ali, A. (2016, Mar 18). Rebranding regent park: Residents patiently wait for a second wave of retail to advance the neighbourhood toward becoming a flourishing urban hub. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Alphonso, C. (2017, June 16). The never-ending school trip to the mainland: Displaced by flooding, island kids trade trees and ducks for cranes and cars at their temporary school in regent park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Bailey, M. (2020, September 23). Geothermal Heating-Cooling Planned for Parliament Street Rental. Retrieved from 

Battersby, S. (2015, November 18). Preserving Regent Park’s history amid revitalization. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved 

Blackwell, T. (2002, December 18). Urban guru praises regent park plan. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Blake, M. (2012, March 28). The Daniels Corporation responds to inaccurate allegations regarding the Regent Park Revitalization. CNW Group Ltd. Retrieved from 

Bozonelos, P. (2003, May 8). Housing board OKs $400M plan for Regent Park. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Bozikovic, A. (2019, May 27). Skip stop: Rethinking the legacy of modern architecture in toronto's regent park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

CBC News. (2009, May 5). First Families return to renewed Regent Park. CBC/Radio-Canada.   Retrieved from 

CBC News. (2018, May 16). Decision quietly made by Toronto Community Housing sparks concern in Regent Park. CBC/Radio-Canada. Retrieved from 

Cheney, P. (2009, May 6). The Loganthans move back to a new Regent Park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrived from 

Cowan, J. (2003, July 12). The resurrection of regent park. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Cowan, J. (2005, May 28). Razed police station will renew regent park. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Dallaire, J. (2020, September 23). Adventures in real estate: “We swapped our $650,000 Regent Park condo for an old schoolhouse in the Kawarthas”. Toronto Life. Retrieved from 

Daley, H. & Ovid, N. (2018, April 19). Salvation Army store loses its home in Toronto’s Regent Park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

DeClerq, K. (2019, March 1). Demolition of Regent Park buildings ‘brings a lot of memories back,’ residents say. Bell Media. Retrieved from 

De Rosa, K. (2006, December 23). Recapturing dreams, visions of regent park. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Dixon, G. (2008, May 31). Reclaiming regent park with monster art. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Fiorito, J. (2014, March 5). Regent park's growing pains: Enormous redevelopment of neighbourhood has hundreds protesting project's execution. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from

Friesen, J. (2014, February 19). Regent Park residents feel happier and safer with new homes, study says. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Hayes, D. (2008, May 17). Making roots in renewed regent park; initiative to encourage regent park tenants who have a viable business plan. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from

Hayes, D. (2016, December 8). Inside Regent Park: Toronto’s test case for public-private gentrification. Guardian News & Media Limited. Retrieved from 

Hume, C. (2014, June 23). 'Regent park park' seems destined for success. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd.  Retrieved from

Immen, W. (2003, April 28). Regent park public housing to receive makeover. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Israelson, D. (1989, March 10). Redesign regent park, sewell urges. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from 

John, B. M. (2013, Mar 29). Some thoughts on how to recycle regent park's towers. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Kuitenbrouwer, P. (2019, October 14). Days are numbered for trees in Toronto’s Regent Park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Lakey, J. (2014, October 9). Regent park redevelopment makes a muddy mess of streets. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from

Landau, J. (2020, September 30). Daniels DuEast Advancing Through Late Stages of Construction. Retrieved from 

Landau, J. (2020, October 16). Phase 2 Projects Progressing in Regent Park Revitalization. Retrieved from 

Levin, D. (2016, February 28). In Toronto, a Neighbourhood in Despair Transform Into a Model of Inclusion. The New York Times Company. Retrieved from 

Levy, S. (2012, March 25). Movin’ on up in Regent Park. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Levy, S. (2017, January 29). Regent Park revitalization $107 million in the hole. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved 

 Lewington, J. (2007, November 1). Rebirth of Toronto’s Regent Park under way. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Lorinc, J. (2018a, May 16). Final phases of Regent Park redevelopment to be open to tender. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Lorinc, J. (2018b, August 17). Regent park developer makes space for homegrown retailers: Shops are being earmarked for nascent enterprises in a bid to create 'an ecosystem' of residential, retail and office tenants. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Mays, J.B. (2005, April 8). This time, lets get it right at Regent Park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Mehta, D. (2008, December 19). Families set to move into New Regent Park in April. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Moore, O. (2005, June 25). Regent park design chosen. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Nickle, D. (2018, August 27). Latest piece of Regent Park redevelopment is starting to rise. Retrieved from 

Noik-Bent, S. (2006, February 25). The greening of Regent Park. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Ontario proposal made to raze regent park. (1996, February 1). The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Orr, C. (2012, April 3). Regent Park revitalization draws mixed reactions from residents. National Post. Retrieved from 

Pagliaro, J. and Mathieu, E. (2019, January 27). Regent Park community reflects and regroups as final chapter of rebuild begins. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from

Paikin, S. (2014, April 4). Regent Park’s Redevelopment: Part Four. The Ontario Educational Communications Authority (TVO). Retrieved from 

Peeling, M. (2006, February 14). Regent park bricks begin to tumble. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Philp, M. (1997, May 22). Regent park back on the drawing board: A toronto housing experiment 50 years ago that became a social disaster is getting a second chance. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Philp, M. (1997, November 28). Ghetto's remake builds optimism Toronto's Regent Park hopes new public-housing project will dramatically change neighbourhood. The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from 

Raymaker, D. (2007, February 2). Can mix of subsidized and market-rate housing work? The Globe and Mail Inc. Retrieved from

Starr, R. (2016, May 9). 5 ways Regent Park’s revitalization is a game changer. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from (2020, August 7). Roads remain closed Friday following crane collapse in Regent Park. Retrieved from 

Wallace, J. (2001, March 27). Raze Regent Park, says its guardian: 'better off rebuilding'. Postmedia Network Inc. Retrieved from 

Wilson, C. (2020, August 6). Crane collapses in downtown Toronto, narrowly misses hitting bystander. iHeartRadio. Retrieved from 

Wright, L. (1996, February 2). Housing mix eyed for Regent Park. Toronto Star Newspapers Ltd. Retrieved from 


City of Toronto

City of Toronto. (2007, Sept). Regent Park Social Development Plan. Retrieved from:

Toronto Community Housing

Augsten, T., Babin, M., Benning, M., Kelling & Procopio, A. (2014, Dec). Social Cohesion in Contested Spaces: A Neighbourhood Integration Framework for Regent Park. Retrieved from:

TCHC. (2017, May). Lessons Learned from Regent Park Residents About Building a Successful, Cohesive and Inclusive Community. Retrieved from:   

Community-Based Organizations

Micallef, S. (2013). Regent Park a Story of Collective Impact. Retrieved from

Gladki, J. (2014, May). Inclusive Planning: A case study of Regent Park. 

Micallef, S. (2013). Regent Park a Story of Collective Impact. Retrieved from

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