Biographical information of key figures
Bochkovskyi, Olgerd (1885-1939), sociologist specializing in nationalist studies, publicist, diplomat, and political leader; lecturer at the Ukrainian Free University in Prague and the Ukrainian Husbandry Academy in Poděbrady; member of the Ukrainian diplomatic mission in Prague; member of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers’ Party; head of the Famine Committee to aid victims of the Holodomor; lived in Czechoslovakia from 1905.
Doroshenko, Dmytro (1882-1951), historian, political figure; commissioner of Galicia and Bukovyna for the Provisional Government and commissioner of Chernihiv region for the Central Rada; foreign minister of the Hetmanate; taught at universities in Austria, Czechoslovakia, Germany, Poland, and Canada; author of nearly 1,000 works on Ukrainian history; lived abroad from 1919.
Doroshenko, Volodymyr (1879-1963), bibliographer, literary scholar, translator, civic and political leader; member of the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party and the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers’ Party; co-founder and member of the presidium of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine; bibliographer of the works of Taras Shevchenko and Ivan Franko; lived abroad from 1944.
Drahomanov, Mykhailo (1841-1895), political thinker, civic leader, historian, and publicist; lecturer in ancient history at Kyiv University and professor of history at Sofia University; member of the Kyiv Hromada and publisher of the journal Hromada; leading thinker in the development of socialism in Ukraine; lived in Switzerland from 1875-1889 and Bulgaria from 1889-1895.
Hrushevskyi, Mykhailo (1866-1934), historian, writer, and political leader; president of the Shevchenko Scientific Society; head of the Ukrainian Central Rada and president of the Ukrainian National Republic; author of over 2,000 scholarly works.
Hryhoriiv, Nykyfor (1883-1953), publicist, civic and political leader; member of the Society for Ukrainian Progressives; member of the Central Rada and the Ukrainian Party of Socialist Revolutionaries; led efforts to Ukrainianize the army; lived abroad from 1921.
Irchan, Myroslav (pen name of Andrii Babiuk) (1897-1937), author, playwright; soldier in the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen and the Ukrainian Galician Army; lived in Prague from 1922-1923 and Winnipeg from 1923-1929; returned to Soviet Ukraine in 1929; wrote for the Ukrainian Labour-Farmer Temple Association; author of over two dozen prose works and eleven plays; arrested in 1933 and shot in 1937 for allegedly belonging to an anti-communist association.
Korduba, Myron (1876-1947), historian; professor at Warsaw University and Lviv University; member of the Shevchenko Scientific Society; author of scholarly works on medieval Ukraine and popular works on Ukrainian and Polish history.
Krat, Pavlo (1882-1952), socialist leader, Protestant minister, writer, translator; member of the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party and the Federation of Ukrainian Social Democrats in Canada; Presbyterian minister and pastor of the Ukrainian Evangelical Church in Toronto; missionary in Ukraine with the Ukrainian Evangelical Reformed Church from 1923-1938; author of many stories, poems, and articles; lived in Canada from 1907.
Lozynskyi, Mykhailo (1880-1937), editor, publicist, lawyer, and political figure; active the Revolutionary Ukrainian party and the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine; served in the government of the Western Province of the Ukrainian National Republic and participated in the Paris Peace Conference; lived in Prague and Kharkiv after the war; executed by the NKVD in 1937.
Makhno, Nestor (1888-1934), anarchist, revolutionary, and peasant leader; repeatedly arrested by Russian and Polish authorities; leader of the Revolutionary Insurgent Army of Ukraine and the Makhnovshchina; lived abroad from 1921.
Nazaruk, Osyp (1883-1940), lawyer, publicist, civic and political leader; member of the Ukrainian Radical Party; soldier and director of the press office of the Ukrainian Sich Riflemen; minister of press and propaganda for the Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic; member of the Ukrainian Christian Organization; lived in the United States from 1922-1926.
Petliura, Symon (1879-1926), editor, military and political leader; member of the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party and the Ukrainian Social Democratic Labour Party; member of the Ukrainian Central Rada; supreme commander of the Army of the Ukrainian National Republic; president of the Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic and the Government-in-exile of the Ukrainian National Republic; lived abroad from 1920; assassinated in France by Shalom Schwartzbard, a Jew who claimed he was avenging the victims of pogroms.
Rudnytskyi, Stepan (1877-1937), geographer; member of the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine; professor at the Ukrainian Free University and the Kharkiv Institute of People’s Education; founder or Ukrainian geography; author of geographic surveys and creator of the first wall maps of Ukraine.
Skoropadskyi, Pavlo (1873-1945), military commander, leader, and political figure; cavalry commander before and during WWI; Hetman of the Ukrainian State; lived in Germany from 1919.
Tsehelskyi, Lonhyn (1875-1950), editor, journalist, lawyer, and political figure; involved with the Revolutionary Ukrainian party and the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine; before the war member of the Austrian parliament and Galician Diet; during the war joined the Supreme Ukrainian Council, Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, and the General Ukrainian Council; served in the governments of the Western Ukrainian National Republic and its successor body; lived in the U.S. from 1920.
Vynnychenko, Volodymyr (1880-1951), editor, writer, and statesman; active in the Revolutionary Ukrainian party, the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers’ party, and the Foreign Group of the Ukrainian Communist party; head of the General Secretariat of the Central Rada and chairman of the Directory of the Ukrainian National Republic; lived abroad from 1919.
Zhuk, Andrii (1880-1968), editor, journalist, writer, and political figure; active in the Revolutionary Ukrainian party, the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers’ party, and the Union for the Liberation of Ukraine; member of the Supreme Ukrainian Council, the General Ukrainian Council, Ukrainian Sich Riflemen, the Hetman government, and the Ukrainian National Republic; lived in Lviv and Vienna after the war.