The socialist movement in Ukraine emerged in the 1870s and was shaped by the agrarian socialist views of Mykhailo Drahomanov. In 1890, the Ukrainian Radical Party, which aligned with Drahomanov’s theories, was founded in Lviv, and became the first socialist political party in Ukraine. Throughout the 1890s and into the 1900s, factions within the Ukrainian Radical Party developed and other socialist parties emerged, including the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party and the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party. The 1917 revolutions furthered the rise of socialism, with the Ukrainian Party of Socialist Revolutionaries and the Ukrainian Social Democratic Workers’ Party playing large roles in the Central Rada and the government of the Ukrainian National Republic. Along with developing economic theories, socialist writers often criticized religion, opposing it to science and arguing for state secularism.
A translation of the Earl of Desmond, Gerald Fitzjames','The Struggle for Survival' by Toma Tomashevskyĭ.
A reprint of an early socialist brochure from 1910-11, written by the prolific Ukrainian academic, Vadym Shcherbakivskyĭ, under the pseudonym, V. Shvachka.
Chy Evropa maie skozachity? : Slovo ostorohy do nïmetskoho narodu = Чи Европа має скозачіти? Слово остороги до німецького народу
A Ukrainian translation edited by Mykola Zalizniak of Wilhelm Liebknecht, one of the main founders of the Socialist Worker's Party of Germany, who published numerous articles on the topic of socialism and the role of Russia and Germany, in the newspapers 'Vorwärts', 'Neue Welt', and 'Sozialdemokratische Korrespondenz' in the late 1870's.
An additional brochure about democratic republics and a potential autonomous Ukrainian state, attached to the clandestine monthly publishing organ of the Revolutionary Ukrainian Party titled 'Selianyn'.
A piece describing the political organization of the Gurians in Georgia written by one of the founders of the Ukrainian Radical Party, Borys Hrinchenko.
A religious polemic lamenting the unity of Ukrainians abroad.
A brochure by the Polish socialist propagandist, Szymon Duckstein, writing under the pseudonym, Jan Młot in Geneva, who popularized Marxists theories in the 1880's and 1890's.
A pamphlet about socialism reprinted from the periodical "Borba" (ch.9.) in 1908.
A collection of political letters written by Yevhen Levytskyi in Berlin, 1916.
A pamphlet by the Dutch astronomer and philosopher, Anton Pannekoek on Marxism and Darwinism translated into Ukrainian by M. Durdel and published in Winnipeg.
A collection of articles by the Ukrainian sociologist, Olgerd Bochkovsky, about nationalism and the state.
Natsionalna sprava, internatsionalïzm, imperiialïzm i sotsiialïzm = Національна справа, інтернаціоналізм, імперіялізм і соціялізм
A pamphlet by Karl Renner, a member of the Reichsrat in the Austrian-Hungarian parliament, for the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria, which outlines the possibility of social democratic reform within Austria as a result of the impact of the current war.
A pamphlet describing the peasants' situation in light of a socialist transformation regarding the economy, harvest, and political organizations.
Pro pravdyvu i nepravdyvu viru, pro pravdyvykh i lozhnykh bohiv = Про правдиву і неправдиву віру, про правдивих і ложних богів
A pamphlet containing two short essays; the first an atheistic polemic by the Bolshevik Ivan Skvortsov-Stepanov, stating that there are 'no true Gods and no false Gods', subsequently the second essay from Nikolai Bukharin titled 'The Church and School in the Soviet Republic' thematically follows the first essay, with the work's first subtitle reading, 'Religion is the poison of the nation'.
A brochure exploring the the social conditions of women and the organization of society, written by Mykola Hankevych, one of the main founders of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party.
Part one of Ivan Franko's short booklet about the Radical Ukrainian Party's tactics regarding anarchists and Jews.
A piece outlining the relationship between religion and socialism, as well as science being in the service of humanity.
Mykhaĭlo Lozynskyĭ's Ukrainian translation of Friedrich Engels' 'Entwicklung des Sozialismus von der Utopie zur Wissenschaft' originally published in 1880.
A pamphlet written by Charles Kerr titled, 'What Socialists Think?' published by the Winnipeg based 'Robotchyj Narod', one of the Ukrainian Social Democratic Party's foreign literary organs.
A brochure written in Scranton, Pennsylvania, positing science against religion, including an interesting chapter heading titled, 'Was Christ a socialist?'.
Ukrainian translation of Karl Kautsky's 'Die Soziale Revolution'.
A pamphlet about socialism written by Mariian Melenevskyĭ, under the pseudonim Ivan Hylka.
An brief article published originally in Kolomyia in 1892 by Mykhailo Drahomanov, appearing here under the editorship of Mykola Zalizniak's of the Ukrainian Party of Socialist Revolutionaries.
Zemelne pytannie a sotsyializm : shist holovnykh pytan nashoï silskoï polityky = Земельне питаннє а соціалізм: шість головних питань нашої сільської політики
Ukrainian translation of a work by Friedrich Hertz, considering the effects of socialism on the economics of agriculture as well as agricultural policy.
A Ukrainian translation of the Russian brochure about land tenure by Loĭko, which provides a historical background to land cultivation with examples of England and France.
Ukrainian translation of May Wood Simons' 'Woman and the Social Problem' originally published in 1899.
A brief history of socialism as well as a selection from Julius Deutsch's 'Sozialpolitik. Vortragsanleitungen' from 1914, the Austrian politician in the Social Democratic Workers' Party of Austria, who writes about the protection of the working class from the 'capitalist constraint'.